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Make A Basket


This tutorial created by CarolynR

The Completed Basket

Click here to download a zip file containing all the selections and also the basket pattern you will need to complete this tutorial.
Version 6 users, click here to download the zip file for the version 6 steps that are in blue.

Place mybasket.bmp in pattern directory and place all selections in the PSP7 Selection directory.  When loading selections, do not move them in your graphic area unless instructed.  They will load in the correct positions and need very little tweaking, for the most part. 

Begin by create a new drawing 400 x 400 pixels, transparent. Although I won't be repeating this, it is important to keep saving as you go through this tutorial.

Moving the upper (back piece) down to meet Basket Front

Basket Back positioned behind Basket Front

Fill the background layer with mybasket pattern by clicking on the foreground color and selecting pattern, select mybasket, set the scale to 100 and fill. Go to Effects || Geometric || Circle. Load Basketshape selection from disk by clicking Selections || Load from Disk and choosing "Basketshape".  After it has been loaded, again go to Selections || Promote to layer and name this layer "basket". 

In the layer's palette, click on the background layer and load the basketback selection. Click Selections || Promote to layer, name this layer basketback. Deselect. In the layer's palette again, go back to your background layer and clear the background (Edit ||Clear).

You will be left with the two pieces of the basket, each on their own layer.  Move the upper basketback piece down with the move tool so that it creates the illusion of being the inside back of the basket. We will give more definition with the next instructions.  See diagrams on the left:

Cutout Filter - opacity 75, Blur 58.7, Vert -28, Horiz 36, Color Black
Click on the basket layer to activate it and go to Selections ||  Select All, then Selections || Float. Your basket is selected on a floating layer. 

Go to Effects || 3D Effects || Cutout. Use the following settings: 

Opacity = 75 
Blur = 58.7
Vertical = - 28
Horizontal = 36
Shadow color  = Black
Fill interior with color = unchecked. 

Click ok. Click Effects || Sharpen and then deselect. 

Smudge tool effects on edge of basket - magnified
Using your smudge tool set to soften (click on the tab in the middle of the tool options palette and select "soften") Use the following settings:

Sample merged = unchecked
Shape = round
Size = 4
Hardness = 0
Opacity = 25
Step = 25
Density = 100

Very carefully touch the pixels around the outer edge of the basket to very, very slightly blend away the jaggies. You may also wish to magnify your viewing area so you only get the very edge.  You do not want to create a very blurred edge, so be gentle.

Now click on the basketback layer to activate it and go to Selections || Select All, then, Selections || Float. The back piece is now selected on a floating layer.  Use the cutout filter again, changing the settings to:

Opacity = 70
Blur = 48.7
Vertical = 6
Horizontal = 51

Press ok and then sharpen and deselect.

Click on the Basket layer to activate it and then create a new layer called "edge" and load the basketedge selection.  Fill this selection with a dark brown color #634B30. Go to Effects || Artistic Effects || Contours with the following settings: 

Luminance = 23
Blur = 15
Detail = 24
Intensity = 41
Color =  #57B757 

This creates an interesting design on this layer.

Outer Bevel - width 4, smoothness 8, depth 5, shininess 20, angle 0, intensity 55, elevation 25
Next Go to Effects || 3D Effects || Outer Bevel. Using the last shape selection in the second row as your bevel with the settings of 

Width = 4
Smoothness = 8
Depth = 5
Shininess = 20
Angle = 0
Intensity = 55
Elevation = 25 

Press ok. 

Selecting ends of top trim to delete
While image is still selected, using your selection tool set to rectangle, press the control key and select the ends which extend past the basket sides. These have a beveled edge which we do not want, so they get removed at this time.  Invert the selection and press delete. The ends of the edge piece are now even with the basket edge.
Darkening Edges for depth
Invert the selection again so you have your edge re-selected. To make the edge curve we will use the smudge tool. Set the shape of the tool to round, size 29, Hardness 0, Opacity 15, Step 1, Density 50, click on the center tab of the tool option palette and choose Darken RGB. Lightly go over the left side of the basket edge matching the shadow of the basket, to give it its own shadow and, very slightly, go over the right edge. See diagram at left. 
Lightening areas of Edge to curve
Then change the smudge tool's center tab to the Lighten RGB setting and make sure that the size and other settings are the same. Lightly go over the center of the basket to highlight the middle of the rim. Deselect edge. You've now curved the front edge of the rim. See diagram at right.
Create a new layer below the basket layer. Load the Basketedgeback selection and fill with the same brown color #634B30 and use the the Artistic Effects || Contours with the same settings. Repeat the outer bevel and use the smudge tool again to darken the outer edges and lightly lighten the center portion. Right click in the layers palette and choose View || Current only, click on the "X" to also view the basketback layer and you are going to merge these two layers by right clicking again and selecting Merge Visible. Turn on all layers again.

Create a new layer "handle" and load the baskethandle selection. Fill with the dark brown (#634B30) we used earlier, contract selection by 1 and fill the front section with light brown, color #D4A374. Before you click to fill the back part of the selection reduce the opacity in the tool options palette to 45 (tolerance can be 200, sample merged is unchecked) Next go to Effects || Artistic Effects || Enamel and set the 

Blur = 63
Detail = 100
Density = 12
Angle = 45
Color = white

Press ok. Deselect. This gives a nice wood textured effect.

Angling Shadow for Basket Handle
We can't get the proper shadow by just using a drop shadow. I am using another way of getting a shadow which you can manipulate to any shape and direction, even after you have added it because it is on its own layer. 

In the layer's palette, right click and duplicate the handle layer. 

On the duplicate layer, go to colors || adjust ||brightness/contrast and set the brightness to - 255, make it completely black. 

Next go to effects || blur || gaussian blur set to 4.0. Now use the deform tool to shift the shadow down and back, see diagram for visual. 

I usually deform first before I move the layer below the one it is shadowing because I can easily select the shadow when it is on top of the layer.  Once I have deformed it slightly, it is easier to select with the move tool and I can move the layer to the proper position in the layer's palette and easily adjust it further.

Try to keep the handle's shadow even with the handle's top edges so that shadow comes down from there and rests on the basket. Use the shift and control keys to help you skew the shadow's angle. 

Positioning shadow layer below handle
Click on the duplicate layer in the layer's palette and drag the layer below the handle layer.

Sometimes viewing it in the proper position can help you decide if the angle is correct. Reduce the opacity for the shadow layer to 50% or more. Remember nothing is final. If you don't like your angle, press Control Z or undo and try again. 

Click to activate the handle again and magnify the portion where the left side joins the basket. Using the selection tool set to circle, make a small circular selection which will be the screw for holding the handle onto the basket. 

Fill the selection with a shade of orange (your choice) and then use Effect || Texture Effects || Sculpture. Use the gold preset but change the shininess to 33 and elevation to 38, click ok.

The last addition is the basket shadow. You could repeat the shadow in the same way as the handle but I have already created a selection for you to use.  Create a new layer called "shadow" and load the basketshadow selection. Make sure that your opacity is set back to 100 and fill with Black. Only click once in the center of the selection.  I have already feathered the edges of the selection so the shape is soft.  Deselect. Use the deform tool to skew the angle of the shadow, you need to have it should fall back and down and skew to the left. Remember that holding the shift causes an angular direction and the control key will cause two edges to move further or farther apart to create a perspective view. After you have the shadow in the alignment you like, press ok.

Correct positions for layers
In the layer's palette drag this layer just below the basket layer so it is behind the basket and reduce the opacity to 50 percent.  The following is the correct layer order including a "fill" layer for putting things into your basket.
If you wish to fill the basket, add a new layer above merged layer so that the back of the basket will be behind your fill.  If you like, you can link the layers by clicking on the link tab (it's the third tab on the right half of the layers palette Link tool from layer's palette) and click  the word "none".  You will get a number "1" and if you click on each layer, except the background, and change each to "1" and go back to your graphic and move it with the move tool, the entire graphic will move even though each is on its own layer.  They are now linked and you can also unlink them at any time.  Choose a background and you're all set.


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