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Circle, CurlyQ, Punch & Pinch Effects

Circle, CurlyQ, Punch & Pinch Effects Created by: Prof  


The Geometric Effects create a geometric shape of an image or produce geometric effects on an image. For the most part, these effects are very straight forward and easy to use. Most of them just require you apply the effect to an image. Some of them have one or two options while a few have just a handful of options.

In these next set of tutorials, in addition to just illustrating the basic effect, I will also provide some additional Tips and Tricks for using these effects to produce interesting and unique images. And, as is always true in using any new effect, the more you experiment and play with it the more you find different ways to use it on images.

In this tutorial we will explore the Geometric effects of 'Circle', 'CurlyQ', 'Pinch' and 'Punch'. These textures are found on the context menu when one uses Effects || Geometric Effects || .....




In all illustrations, we will start with a basic canvas which will have two bottom layers: (1) a solid light blue background; and (2) a kaleidoscope pattern using a radial gradient pattern. We will 'Duplicate' the kaleidoscope layer each time before applying the Effects used in this lesson.

Foreground and Background Colors

Style Colors
Styles Foreground = Solid Blue
Styles Background = Radial Gradient
(#1 Foreground-Background)

Kaleidoscope patter

The Basic Backgrounds

  • Set Colors:
    • Foreground: Light Blue (197, 228, 255) [#C5E4FF]
    • Background: Black

    • Styles Foreground: Solid
    • Styles Background: Gradient (Click on Right Arrow and select Second from left Icon)
      • Click on the Box
      • In the Gradient Window, select the Radial Style (bottom Icon)
      • Click on the View Box and select gradient #1 (Foreground-Background)
      • Vertical and Horizontal = 50
      • Repeats = 13
      • Invert = Unchecked
  • Set Canvas:
    • 300 x 300 pixels
    • Transparent
    • 16 Million Colors
  • Bottom Layer:
    • Flood Fill with Blue (foreground)
    • Label Layer: 'Solid BG'
  • Create a New Layer:
    • Flood Fill with Gradient (background)
    • Label Layer: 'Kaliedoscope BG'
  • Set kaleidoscope Pattern On kaleidoscope BG Layer.
    • Use: Effects || Reflection Effects || Kaleidoscope ...
      • Horizontal and Vertical Offsets = 0
      • Rotation Angle = 0
      • Scale factor = 0
      • Number of petals = 8
      • Number of orbits = 0
      • Radial suction = 90
    • Apply the Kaleidoscope Effect a second time with no change in values.



We begin with four basic illustrations to display each of the four default effects.

  • Duplicate the kaleidoscope BG layer Four (4) Times.
  • Label each layer (order does not matter) 'Circle', 'Punch', 'Pinch', and 'CurlyQ'.
  • Turn off the 'Kaliedoscope BG' Layer and Turn on the 'Solid BG' Layer.
  • Then apply to each of the new layers, the Effect on its respective layer.
    • Circle -- Just apply the effect to the circle layer.
    • Punch -- Set Punch Effect = 50% and apply.
    • Pinch -- Set Pinch Effect = 50% and apply.
    • CurlyQ -- Set to Default Values and apply.


Circle Effect

The Circle Effect will create a perfect circle that is centered. The advantage of using this effect over drawing a circle is that is it easy and quick and centers the image perfectly. The disadvantage is that the edges are a bit more ragged than if drawn with a selection or preset tool.



Punch Effect

The Punch Effect will cause the center of the image to be increased in size as if someone punched out the center. Though the image may look similar to the original, the inner part is larger, the outer part is smaller than the original image.



Pinch Effect

The Pinch Effect is the opposite of the Punch effect in that it causes the inner part of the image to be smaller in size and the outer part to be larger in size. It's as if punch occurs from behind the image while pinch occurs from in front of the image.



CurlyQ Effect

The CurlyQ Effect applys a symmetrical or non-symmetrical pattern of curlyq's to the image. One is also able to vary the size and strength of the curlyq's. Very interesting effects are possible with this feature.



Tips and Tricks

Most often one will just use these effects to convert an image to a geometric shape. However, there are some very interesting effects that one is able to achieve with these features that are able to create some very unique results.


Perspective Circle

Creative Illustration #1

In this illustration we will use the Punch effect first to create a larger inner area. Then we will use the Circle effect to create a Circle image. Using these two effects in this fashion allows the creation of a more realistic 'ball' effect.

  • Duplicate the 'Kaliedoscope BG' Layer and Label it 'Perspective Circle'.
  • Turn on the bottom layer and turn off all other layers except the duplicated layer.
  • Apply the 'Punch' Effect with value of 50%
  • Apply the 'Circle' Effect

Before adding the enhancements, just notice how the center of the circle is larger and the edges are smaller. Also, as a side note, this pattern being used does not illustrate the perspective circle as well as say using a 'Weave' Pattern as the main image pattern.

  • Use: Image || Resize ||
  • Check 'Perspective of Original'
  • Use a setting of 90
  • Resize all Layers = Unchecked

Using the technique of resizing the image allows it to be reduced giving more background around it.

  • Create a New Layer above the 'Perspective Circle' Layer
  • Highlight the Perspective Circle and use the 'Magic Wand' and click outside the circle image.
  • Use: Selections || Invert
  • Highlight the New Layer
  • Use: Effects || 3D Effects || Cutout
    • Horizontal and Vertical = 0
    • Opacity = 100
    • Blur = 100
    • Color = Black
  • Set this Layer Mode option = Luminance

Now, you have a perspective ball effect with this punch and shadowing effect. However, the edges of the image are ragged.

  • Turn off all layers except the Perspective Circle and New Layer with the shadow.
  • Highlight one of the two layers.
  • Use: Layers || Merge || Merge Visible
  • Rename this Merged Layer 'Perspective Circle'

  • Use the Magic Wand and click outside of the Circle image
  • Use: Selections || Modify || expand with a value of 1
  • Use: Effects || Blur || Gaussian Blur with a value of about 2.00.

Now you have a very nice perspective circle image. You could enhance this image with a different background, perhaps use other PSP effects such as the Sunburst Effect, or add a perspective shadow of the circle image, or perhaps even add a frame. There are unlimited possibilities now.


CurlyQ Ball-1

Creative Illustration #2

In this illustration we will use the Perspective Circle image just created and apply the CurlyQ effect for a very neat image.

  • Duplicate the 'Perspective Circle' Layer
  • Turn off all layers except the bottom layer and the New Duplicated Layer.
  • Label the layer 'CurlyQ Ball #1'.
  • Apply the CurlyQ effect with these values:
    • Number of Rows and Columns = 3
    • Size = 100%
    • Strength = 30
  • Set the Layer Mode Option = Hard Light.

Adding the CurlyQ effect often creates some neat results.


CurlyQ Ball-2

Creative Illustration #3

Now, Duplicate the CurlyQ Layer and just apply the Circle Effect to it for another very fascinating image.



Creative Illustration #4

Duplicate the 'Circle' Layer and then turn off all but this duplicated layer and the bottom layer. In this effect we will apply the 'Circle' effect a number of times to create an interesting four pointed star effect.

  • Use: Image || Resize with no changes in values to get more of a background around the circle image.
  • Apply the 'Circle' Effect about 8 times.
  • Use: Image || Sharpen twice.
  • Set Mode option = Hard Light.


Creative Illustration #5

In this example, we will use the 'Pinch' effect to also create a different type of star effect..

  • Duplicate the 'Circle' Layer and name it 'Pinch Star'
  • Turn off all layers but this new layer and the bottom layer.
  • Use: Image || Resize again.
  • Now, apply the 'Pinch' Effect 3 or 4 times.
  • Use: Effects || Sharpen twice.
  • Set this Mode Option to 'Hard Light'


Creative Illustration #6

We will now make three frames from these effects.

  • Duplicate the 'Kaliedoscope' Layer
  • Turn off all layers except for the duplicated layer and bottom layer.
  • Double Click on the 'Selection' Tool and set these values:
    • Left = 30
    • Right = 270
    • Top = 30
    • Bottom = 270
  • Use the 'Delete' Key to remove the Center area.
  • Deselect [Control+D]
  • Use the Punch Effect which makes the frame smaller and more useful when saving the end results as 'Frames'.


Creative Illustration #7

Duplicate the Frame Layer just created above. Then apply the CurlyQ Effect with Default Values.



Creative Illustration #8

Duplicate the Punch Frame Layer just created earlier. Then apply the Circle Effect. Finally, apply the CurlyQ effect with default settings.


Final Comments

Using these effects is very easy and quick. Also, from the tips and techniques given you have multiple ways to use these effects on a single image to create most interesting results.

The 'Frame' examples are easy to create and you might experiment with applying other types of Texture Effects including the 'Sculpture' Effects. One could spend hours just playing with a single image and using various effects.

If you develop an image you really like you might save it as a Tube or as a Frame to use with other creations. Have fun.

-- Prof --